Osseous surgery, sometimes referred to as pocket reduction surgery or gingivectomy, refers to a number of different surgeries aimed at gaining access to the tooth roots to remove tartar and disease-causing bacteria.
Goals of Osseous Surgery
Osseous surgery is used to reshape deformities and remove pockets in the alveolar bone surrounding the teeth. It is a common necessity in effective treatment of more advanced periodontal diseases. The ultimate goal of osseous surgery is to reduce or eliminate the periodontal pockets that cause periodontal disease.
The specific goals of surgery include:
- Reducing Bacterial Spread:
Bacteria from the mouth can spread throughout the body and cause other life-threatening conditions such as heart disease and respiratory disease. Removing deep tartar and thereby bacteria can help reduce the risk of bacteria spreading.
- Preventing Bone Loss:
The immune system’s inflammatory response prompted by periodontal bacteria can lead to bone loss in the jaw region, and cause teeth to fall out. Osseous surgery seeks to stop periodontal disease before it progresses to this level.
- Enhancing the Smile:
Mouths plagued with periodontal disease are often unsightly. Red/Brown gums, rotting teeth, and ridge indentations can leave a person feeling depressed and too self-conscious to smile. Fortunately, osseous surgery can help reduce bacteria and disease and thereby restore your mouth to its former radiance, while restoring confidence at the same time.
- Facilitating Home Care:
As the gum pocket deepens, it can become nearly impossible to brush and floss adequately. Osseous surgery reduces pocket size, making it easier to brush and floss, and thereby prevent further periodontal disease.
What does the procedure entail?
Dr. Westbrook will typically provide surgical patients with an oral premedication similar to valium. A local anesthetic will be used to numb the area prior to surgery. First, Dr. Westbrook will open the gums around each tooth of the affected area to release the gum tissue from the bone. This allows access to the bone and roots of the teeth. After the roots have been thoroughly cleaned through scaling, a dental drill and hand tools will be used to reshape the bone around the teeth. Bone is removed in some areas to restore the normal rise and fall of the bone, but at a lower level. Occasionally, bone grafting may also be necessary to fill in large defects.
Next, the gums will be replaced back over the remaining bone and sutured in place. Dr. Westbrook prefers to use the type of sutures(gut) which dissolve on their own. Therefore, at the post-operative appointment, the sutures do not need to be cut out. The site will also be covered with a bandage (periodontal pack) or dressing. Antibiotics, pain medicine. and mouth rinses containing chlorhexidine are generally prescribed following the surgery.
Do not be alarmed if bleeding and swelling occur after the surgery. Most patients experience swelling and approximately 50% will have some visible bruising. This can be minimized by placing an ice pack on the outside of the affected area(20 minutes on/20 minutes off). In cases where the bleeding and swelling is in excess, it is advised that you call to notify our office. Several follow up visits will be necessary and meticulous home care following the surgery, especially during the initial phases of healing, will help assure the best post-operative results.